But when Workers’ Day celebrations were officially meant to start at noon, there were fewer than 1,500 people in the four upper blocks of the grandstand – and that’s a generous estimate. The actual figure was probably closer to 1,000. Perhaps even more disturbing than the poor attendance is the fact that very few of those who attended the rally were younger than 40 years old. The reason, of course, is the overwhelming defeat suffered by NUM, Cosatu’s largest union, at the hands of the Association of Mining Construction Workers (Amcu).
Ramaphosa, who became deputy president of the ANC in Mangaung in December, is clearly being schooled to fulfil the role of president. He is also head of the ANC’s election campaign for next year’s general election. But Rustenburg was probably the most difficult place in the country to address a Workers’ Day rally under the banner of Cosatu and the ANC this year. His main task on Saturday was to sing the praises of NUM. “NUM is the largest union in Cosatu and in the country. It was a united trade union – a unit that enabled us to achieve what we have achieved. Those who have been misled and left NUM will come back, because there is no other trade union like the National Union of Mineworkers,” Ramaphosa said. “NUM is a beleaguered trade union today, but the ANC will defend NUM. The SACP will do so too, as will Cosatu, because if we don’t, we will be next on their list. “We must take an oath today that we will defend what we have. We are going to protect our union and our federation. We must say no, they will never succeed in dividing our labour movement. We are going to declare Rustenburg an Alliance site. This is ANC territory – and Cosatu and the SACP,” Ramaphosa said. NUM had 320,000 members when it held its conference in Kempton Park in May last year. If there are 200,000 left today, it’s a lot. There could even be as few as 120,000 to 150,000 members remaining in the union now. The defection to Amcu is certainly no longer restricted to the Rustenburg platinum mines. The union has already lost recognition at all three major platinum producers, Amplats, Implats and Lonmin, but there are strong indications that it is also going to lose its recognition at AngloGold Ashanti’s gold mines. Its president, Senzeni Zokwana, is an employee of AngloGold. He was formerly a rockdrill operator, but became a full-time trade union shop steward years ago and became full-time vice-president of the union in 1994. He became the president in 2000, but is still paid a wage by AngloGold, like all full-time union shop stewards.
For outsiders, this looks like a huge conflict of interests, but the same thing is done in all countries where unions have a strong influence. In South Africa, there are indications that it led to abuses. There are apparently NUM national office-bearers earning the same salaries as a mine manager is paid by the mining group. Zokwana’s case is even more bizarre, because he is also chairman of the SACP. The high salary is one of the main reasons why there is now so much resentment toward NUM among the mineworkers. This also explains why none of NUM’s top leaders attended the Workers’ Day celebrations in Rustenburg. The highest office- bearer of the union at the rally was Sydwell Dokolwane, the region chairman.
And Ramaphosa is right – the exodus from NUM won’t stop at NUM. One wonders, however, what could possibly give him grounds to entertain ideas that it can be stopped.